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Virtueller Geocache
Salt lake Alikes in Tigaki

 Production of table salt in this endorheic basin

von 4spring     Griechenland > nησια αιγαιου, kρητη

N 36° 53.361' E 027° 10.467' (WGS84)

 andere Koordinatensysteme
 Größe: kein Behälter
Status: kann gesucht werden
 Zeitaufwand: 0:20 h   Strecke: 0.5 km
 Versteckt am: 25. November 2012
 Veröffentlicht am: 28. November 2012
 Letzte Änderung: 28. November 2012
 Listing: http://opencaching.de/OCF038
Auch gelistet auf: geocaching.com 

8 gefunden
0 nicht gefunden
0 Bemerkungen
0 Beobachter
0 Ignorierer
169 Aufrufe
2 Logbilder
Geokrety-Verlauf

große Karte

   

Infrastruktur
Der Weg
Wegpunkte
Zeitlich
Saisonbedingt

Beschreibung    Deutsch  ·  English

The most commonly known salt is sodium chloride (NaCl) as we use it daily to improve the taste of our food. But where do we get it from? (supermarket is the wrong answer). Near Tigaki (Tigkaki), in the direction of Marmari you will find the Salt Lake Alikes (Alikis, Alykes). Up to about mid of 20th century salt was produced in this lake (up to 20.000 centner annually). Now you will still see some salt on the bottom of the see (picture), some of the former, old buildings and remains from the salt pans as well as special animals (e.g. flamingo) and plants (which need salt for growing). However, in this EarthCache we will concentrate on the production of the mineral salt.

Fundamentals on sea salt production
Sea salt is obtained by evaporating of seawater. A saltern is used to collect sea water which is dilute brine. The concentration of the salt needs to be increased by evaporating of the water. This can be done by heating on fire. Then the concentrated slurry is washed with sea water so that mud and impurities (sea water contains many other kinds of salt which partly taste bitter) are settled out. Now the final evaporation follows e.g. over a fire. Wood or peat was commonly used in northern Europe (e.g. such salt production ended on the German islands Halligen in 1782 only). http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallig Nowadays about 20-30% of the worldwide used salt is made from seawater.

Why was sea salt produced at the lake Alikes in Tigaki?
The salt lake in Tigaki is endorheic. An endorheic basin (also called terminal or closed basin) is a closed drainage basin that retains water and allows no outflow in other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but converges instead into lakes that equilibrate through evaporation (for example: Aral Sea, Caspian Sea, Etosha pan). Normally, the water of a lake flows out through rivers and ultimately ending up in the ocean. However, in Tigaki, the water of the lake Alikes can not leave this lake, in fact, the water of the ocean flows into this lake. As the water is constantly evaporating due to the heat from the sun, the concentration of salt is increasing resulting into dilute brine. This is the natural starting point for the production of sea salt.

What is still to be seen from the salt production?
At the coordinates you will find a bridge and two former machine buildings (question 3 refers to it). You will also see the three water encroachments which were used to control the amount of sea water flowing into the lake (question 1 referring to this). If you follow the road until its end and the water level of the lake is low you will see the remaining parts of the salt pans (salt evaporation ponds) especially lines of wood posts which formed the levees used to separate the pans (my photo was taken in October). Those salt evaporating ponds (also called saltern or salt pan) are shallow artificial ponds. The sea water was fed into those ponds and water was drawn out through natural evaporation which allows the salt to be subsequently harvested.



To log this EarthCache, please answer the following questions:
1. Why was it important to control the amount of seawater flowing into the lake / the salt pans?
2. Why was the salt production in Tigaki less energy consuming than in northern Europe?
3. How many round windows (with screen bars) does the eastern engine house have ? (house at the coordinates above, also shown on the picture below, all four walls together)

Please send me an email with the answers (in English or German) via my Geocaching profile. I will only respond if you have incomplete logging requirements. So go ahead and log your cache.
I would be pleased if you could attach a picture (optional) to your log which shows one of the various facets of the salt lake (without whistle-blowing on the windows of the engine house).


Verschlüsselter Hinweis   Entschlüsseln

Ab pnpur-obk uvqqra

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

Bilder

Flamingos
Flamingos
salt pans with wood posts for levees
salt pans with wood posts for levees
dry salt at the lake Alikes in Tigaki
dry salt at the lake Alikes in Tigaki
dried salt at the lake Alikes in Tigaki
dried salt at the lake Alikes in Tigaki
water encroachments and engine house with windows
water encroachments and engine house with windows

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Logeinträge für Salt lake Alikes in Tigaki    gefunden 8x nicht gefunden 0x Hinweis 0x

gefunden 14. Juli 2016, 20:30 RICCCO363 hat den Geocache gefunden

2ter Loggversuch. danke für's herlocken.

gefunden 26. Juni 2016, 20:13 kamuckel&bohrsty hat den Geocache gefunden

Today we rent a car to drive round the island and for sure:to find some geocaches.
This one was the last one. It's a wonderful place und funny to see,how some british muggles tried to get their stuck beachbuggy out of the saltlake using the jeep...Thank you for showing us this wonderful place.
TFTC
#123

gefunden 19. Juni 2015 Team Lockentoni hat den Geocache gefunden

[b][green] Juhu..wir haben ihn...[/b]
wärend unseres Urlaubes hier auf KOS gut gefunden.
Diese schöne Insel hatten wir uns vor einem halben Jahr als Ziel für unsere 2.Hochzeitsreise nach 25 Jahren ausgesucht. Dieser Ort und der  Cache hier, waren unser heutiges Tagesziel. Wir sind die 2km vom Hotel hier her gelaufen und es hat uns gut gefallen.
Danke für das Zeigen dieses tollen Platzes.

gefunden 23. Juli 2014, 13:00 Bastindu hat den Geocache gefunden

2014-07-23 13:00 #11
Nach einem kleinen Fußmarsch von Marmari aus immer am Strand lang, war der See schnell erreicht. Leider aktuell eine eher unspektakuläre Brache und eher ein LP. Schade da die Geschichte des Ortes lehrreich und interessant ist.
TFTC

Bilder für diesen Logeintrag:
Kos Salt LakeKos Salt Lake

gefunden 11. September 2013 Luna500 hat den Geocache gefunden

Eben erst gesehen, dass dieser schoene Earthcache auch bei OC gelistet ist.
Es dankt und gruesst Luna500